An Overview of Insurance for Novices


Having enough insurance coverage is a cornerstone of prudent budgeting. While some of us may carry insurance, few know what it covers or why it’s essential. Most Indians view insurance as an investment vehicle or a means of minimizing their taxable income. If you ask the ordinary individual about their investments, they will gladly include an insurance product. Only about 5 percent of Indians have health insurance, and a smaller fraction are fully covered. Few policyholders see insurance merely in that light. Agents’ overzealousness in peddling investment-linked insurance policies for the sake of large commissions is unprecedented in the history of financial products.

Insuring something is what?

Insurance is a mechanism for distributing the financial burden associated with a catastrophic catastrophe from an individual or organization to a broad pool of policyholders. Payments made regularly or once a year to an insurance provider constitute the premium. In the purest form of insurance, the compensation paid is not refundable if the insured event does not occur within the policy’s set time frame. In a calamity, the financial burden can be shared across a larger group of people through insurance.

Participant and Provider

You are the insured, and the insurance business is the insurer when you contract with each other to cover financial risks.

Insured Amount

The death benefit is the sum an insurer agrees to pay if a policyholder dies before a specific period. In the case of non-term insurance, bonuses are not included. Insurance Cover is a term used in the non-life insurance industry to describe this fixed benefit.


The insured must pay premiums to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s risk-management services. Tip describes this situation. Payment terms can be negotiated on an annual, quarterly, or monthly. If the premiums added up to more than the coverage provided, getting insured wouldn’t make financial sense. Cover, the number of years for which insurance is sought, and the insured’s age (person, vehicle, etc.) are just some of the factors that calculate the premium.


The nominee is the individual or organization designated by the insured to receive the sum assured and any additional benefits. In the case of life insurance, this must be someone other than the policyholder.

Policy Duration

The policy’s term is the number of years of coverage you purchase. The policyholder has the freedom to choose the policy’s duration.


In addition to the coverage itself, specific insurance plans may provide optional benefits. You can get these by paying a higher price. It would cost more to get all of those functions individually. You might, for instance, supplement your life insurance with a “personal accident rider.”

Value instead of Payment and Paid-Up Value

You can cancel a policy and get your money back at any time before the end of the term. The surrender value is the amount you can expect from the insurer. The insurance plan is canceled. Instead, “paid-up” refers to the amount if you stop paying premiums midway but do not withdraw funds. When the policy’s term ends, the insurer will pay you a share of the policy’s paid-up value.

This is how insurance works in plain English now that you know the terminology. Many people who wish to insure themselves against the same loss can pay a single premium to an insurance company. The company’s actuaries calculate the risk of actual loss for a given population, and, together with the other considerations discussed, they use this information to set premiums. The system assumes that not all insured would experience a loss simultaneously and that some may not experience a failure throughout the contract term.

Policies Available

It is possible to insure yourself against just about any financial danger. A life insurance policy can help replace the money lost if a breadwinner dies too soon. A Mediclaim policy can help you and your loved ones deal with large, unexpected medical bills. A motor insurance policy can safeguard your vehicle in the event of theft or damage caused by an accident. A home insurance policy can protect your investment from loss due to theft, fire, flood, and other disasters.

Automobile, health, and life insurance are the three most common types of insurance purchased in India. In addition to these, the following paragraphs provide brief descriptions of other varieties. The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) is responsible for overseeing and regulating the insurance industry.

Death Coverage

In the event of the insured’s untimely demise, this policy will protect their loved ones financially. The Life Insurance Corporation of India is the only public sector player among the 24 private life insurance firms operating in India. Term life insurance is the most basic kind of life insurance policy. Endowment plans, whole-life plans, money-back plans, ULIPs, and annuities are other complicated products.

Basic Safety Nets

General Insurance encompasses all other types of insurance, excluding only Life Insurance. The public sector in India is represented by four of the country’s twenty-four general insurers: National Insurance, New India Assurance, Oriental, and United India Insurance.

Motor insurance, followed by engineering and health insurance, underwrites the largest non-life insurance market share. Companies in India also provide car, health, life, and business insurance, among other options.

Obtaining Coverage

Countless insurance plans are available. We need insurance since we can’t look into the future and prevent bad things from happening. However, careful consideration is required. Don’t blindly accept the agent’s advice. It is essential to read your insurance carefully to understand its coverage, optional features, and exclusions.

Prioritize Your Wants and Needs

Find out what needs to be safeguarded from loss or harm. Is this your home, car, health, or life? Next, you need to consider what forms of injury or danger the assets will likely face. What to look for in a policy and why is covered by this article. Unexpected losses are inevitable, and the associated costs can be prohibitive. Even the healthiest person cannot rule out the possibility of developing a life-threatening illness in the future.

Buying insurance with the expectation that it will increase in value is the most common insurance buyer’s mistake. It’s not a good idea to bundle insurance and investments into one package. More coverage might have been obtained in a term plan for the same premiums, and the premiums could have been invested in better instruments, resulting in returns that are multiples higher.

Insurance agents should be avoided if they try to get you to purchase coverages such as child life insurance, credit card insurance, unemployment insurance, and so on that, you do not need. Instead of buying insurance for each item or catastrophe, you should search for policies that cover many possibilities. Pick sensible riders instead of purchasing unique add-ons whenever possible. You don’t need insurance for something until there’s a reasonable probability it’ll happen. For instance, Accident Insurance coverage is not necessary unless you have a high risk of injury or illness owing to your line of work or other circumstances. You can accomplish this with a decent life insurance policy by adding a disability income rider, a waiver of premium rider, or an accidental death rider.

2. Know the Specifics and Cost of the Product

Blindly following the advice of an agent or friend is the worst method for choosing an insurance product or insurer. The best strategy is to look around for programs that meet your needs and then exclude those with higher premiums although having otherwise identical terms (such as age, coverage quantity, etc.). The company’s website will include comprehensive product specs and pricing information. Nowadays, you can even buy insurance policies online. Saving money on premiums by going the Internet route is a prudent move because of the absence of agent commissions. If you want to purchase life insurance in person, specify that you are only interested in term coverage.

Ensure you fully understand what is covered and what is not before signing the contract. It would be heartbreaking to find out if the insurance didn’t cover what you wanted to replace after a loss or damage. After receiving medical treatment for a disease, many patients hastily contact their insurance, only to learn their condition is not covered. Find out the ins and outs, like when coverage starts and stops, how claims are filed, and losses are recorded.

Don’t choose an insurer just because your next-door neighbor is a representative for them, and don’t give in to any pressure to do so. Insurance premiums can add up to a sizable sum throughout a policy’s coverage period. Consider the quality of the actual service offered, not just the charges. You don’t want the insurance company’s claims process to be complicated because of uncooperative employees when disaster strikes. Questions about the company’s customer service and the speed with which claims are processed are best answered by speaking with current or former customers.

3. Continually Assess and Improve Over Time

Your insurance plans should be examined whenever there is a change in your life circumstances or the insured property. You may want to adjust the limits of your insurance policy or add a rider to it. Many life events necessitate a review of your coverage, including marriage, parenthood, a significant rise or drop in income, purchasing a home or vehicle, or caring for an elderly relative.

Check out for additional details. The information on personal finance is presented in language that is simple to grasp. There is no bias or opinion in any of the articles or reviews.

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