Learning Science Class 4


Science is an integral component of modern learning and development. It helps cultivate scientific thought while inspiring young minds to question everything around them.

EduRev provides comprehensive Class 4 science study material that is easy for students to comprehend. Enjoy structured lessons, videos, and practice tests, along with personalized analysis and improvement plans to ensure you excel in exams.

Unit 1: Energy

Unit 1 provides learners with an introduction to energy. Learners explore various forms of energy, such as thermal, sound, mechanical, and electric. Furthermore, learners examine moving and colliding objects’ points and how they change form, renewable and non-renewable resources, and renewable and non-renewable resources. In addition, this lesson serves as part of a comprehensive curriculum including topics like matter mixtures properties of soil rheology, earth patterns, water cycle, life science, food, life sciences, genetics, learned traits, etc.

Science Stations provide learners with an opportunity to work independently, providing practice time in writing and reading skills. Furthermore, these stations help implement the 5E approach (engage, explore, explain, extend, evaluate).

This unit introduces students to energy through moving and colliding objects, serving as an ideal introduction. From there, they’ll investigate renewable and nonrenewable resources, their impact on humans, conservation, producers, consumers, and food webs, as well as their role within such systems from sunlight.

Unit 2: Matter

Science is the study of our world and its workings. It plays a pivotal role in innovation, global competitiveness, and human advancement.

Students enrolled in 4th grade will begin to explore the properties and interactions of matter, the difference between living and nonliving things, food chains and webs to understand how organisms interact in an ecosystem, food chains as a method for measuring food consumption patterns, etc.

Students studying matter should know that its amount remains constant even as its form changes; this phenomenon is known as conservation of value and can be demonstrated by weighing all materials used in an experiment before and after carrying out the said experiment; any differences in weight shows that the matter hasn’t gone anywhere – only its form has changed!

For added help in understanding the states of matter, try this engaging PowerPoint lesson, which explores the qualities and properties of solids, liquids, and gases – complete with an anchor chart so students can take notes and refer back to them. Alternatively, for hands-on experiments to explore these states of matter further, check out these experiments on state matter (water ice demonstration and edible experiment introducing solids, liquids, and gases are great ways for children to start).

Unit 3: Electricity

This unit covers electricity from its production and use to ways energy can be saved, including renewable and non-renewable sources, as well as conserving energy to preserve our planet. Children will gain insight into why conserving energy is so essential.

Begin this unit with a demonstration using a lamp and copper wire, showing how electric current travels from an outlet through the wire into the light bulb’s filament heater and causes it to glow. Have students role-play how electrons move in circuits (Activity 5), followed by showing how a switch can be used to stop the current flow so the bulb stops glowing.

Learners in Session 4 will investigate the properties of various objects to classify them as conductors or insulators using an Electrical Conductors and Insulators Worksheet as their guide. Adding words such as these into classroom vocabulary during this lesson.

Now, invite students to consider how they can reduce electricity usage. Have them complete the Electricity Poster Challenge to determine what steps can be taken to protect our planet while conserving this precious resource. Toward the end of this lesson, use the KWL Chart and Roundtable assessment tools as opportunities for reflection on crucial vocabulary about electricity.

Unit 4: Forces

Unit 4 will introduce students to the various ways objects interact, including push and pull forces, gravity, friction, and magnetism. Students will also explore how speed and acceleration relate to one another.

Classroom environments provide the ideal setting to explore force and motion. Two toy cars crashing together is an excellent opportunity to discuss why particular objects move the way they do and how forces influence that movement.

One practical approach to teaching this topic is through hands-on experiments and activities. For example, ask students to roll a ball across various surfaces, measuring its distance traveled. This allows them to observe how smoother surfaces have less friction and will enable the ball to proceed further than rougher ones.

Quizizz provides interactive online science lessons designed for class 4, with quizzes and polls aligned to Common Core State Standards that assess students’ knowledge of forces and interactions while offering an enjoyable learning experience. Furthermore, educators can collaborate in creating science quizzes of their own on this platform – creating a supportive community of Physical Science teaching!

Unit 5: Properties of Soil

Soil is an invaluable resource, essential to plants, animals, and humans alike. It provides vital nutrients and water needed for growth while helping regulate air and water flows to regulate plant root development and ensure nutrients reach plant roots. Soils consist of different combinations of sand, silt, and clay particles, with each having a texture that determines how quickly it erodes or supports plant roots.

Students using PBS Learning Media’s lesson plan on soils will explore their physical properties and role within ecosystems. Beginning with an engaging video clip that introduces the topic and then moving onto hands-on activities and labs designed to deepen understanding, this resource is suitable for high school and introductory college classes alike. Equipment needed includes various soil samples in pint and quart-sized mason jars as well as pint- and quart-sized mason jars with scales attached for scale use, stopwatches attached at both ends cut off, an ice pick, and a light microscope – tools needed by both parties!

This video from the National Science Teaching Association provides an introduction to soils and the characteristics that differentiate various types of soil across the world. This includes an overview of how soils form, different parts of their system, how water and sunlight interact with them to form organic material, and an explanation of how organic material forms from it all.

Unit 6: Changes to Land

Unit 6 kicks off with an interactive activity where students simulate ocean waves eroding a coastline. Next, students put their problem-solving abilities to work by devising ways to save a lighthouse from erosion. In addition, this lesson introduces them to the rock cycle and the types of weathering processes that alter our planet’s landscape.

Lesson 3, “Slow Processes Reshape Landforms,” introduces students to erosion as a natural process that occurs when water, air, or ice transport Earth materials away. This lesson features a PowerPoint presentation and video clip of Mount St. Helen’s eruption as a visual aid that illustrates rapid processes (such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, or tsunamis ) that rapidly alter landforms.

As part of their next lesson, students learn about erosion as a process of weathering and deposition. Next, they compare and contrast slope erosion with and without vegetation cover before experiencing wind erosion by building an experimental sand castle.

In this final lesson, students explore the significance of considering ecosystem services when making land-use change decisions. Students should be able to effectively express the interests of various stakeholders involved and identify how these uses fit within Millennium Ecosystem Assessment’s categories of provisioning, regulating cultural, and supporting services.

Unit 7: Resources

Discover how you can assist students in understanding scientific phenomena and clarifying their thinking through classroom discussions. The toolkit offers resources such as talk cards, partner conversation support, pre and post-talk graphic organizers, and a formative assessment monitoring chart, all designed to assist individuals or small groups.

Conduct an engaging science experiment to teach your class how electricity travels and circuits work! All it requires are some everyday household items and some patience as students get their hands dirty in this engaging activity.

Engage your students in exploring the differences between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources with this interactive experiment, or even use it to discuss supply and demand principles.

This carefully graded series utilizes visual and textual lessons, hands-on activities, and real-life connections to develop knowledge and skills. Additionally, prior knowledge is connected to new concepts, so students understand the significance of scientific inquiry. Two student worktexts and a complete Instructor Guide are included.